Real Estate

Income Needed for Buying a House in Montreal 

Income Needed for Buying a House in Montreal 
Written by
  • Alivia Massimillo
| Mar 31, 2023
Reviewed, Apr 18, 2024

Table of contents

    Buying a house is a significant investment, and it’s essential to determine how much income you need to afford a home in Montreal. As one of Canada’s largest and most diverse cities, Montreal is a popular choice for people from all walks of life. Like many Canadian cities, however, buying a house in Montreal can require some significant income, depending on what you’re looking for. 

    With a booming real estate market, it’s crucial to understand the costs involved in purchasing a home and how to calculate your affordability. If you’re looking to buy a home in Montreal, here are some tips on how to calculate what you can afford, closing costs and other fees to consider, and first-time home buyers’ incentives in Montreal.

    Key Highlights

    • Montreal is a popular city with a competitive real estate market. While the average home price isn’t as high as in some cities, buying a house is typically just as, if not more, competitive.
    • The higher your income, the more house you’ll be able to afford. 
    • In Montreal, you’ll typically need an income of over $95,000 a year to be able to afford the monthly mortgage payments for the average price of a home.

    Best Mortgage Rates


    0.00%3 Year Fixed

    Get Rates

    0.00%5 Year Fixed

    Get Rates
    Check more rates

    How Much Income Do You Need to Afford a Home in Montreal, Quebec?

    The table below shows calculations on how much total income you would need to afford a home in Montreal based on the average home cost, mortgage rate, and property tax rate in 2023.

    Loan Variables What’s Required
    Home Price (based on the 2023 average in Montreal) $515,000
    Down Payment (20%) $103,000
    Mortgage Needed $412,000
    Stress Test Rate (Interest Rate + 2%) 4.59% + 2% = 6.59%
    Mortgage Term 5 years
    Amortization Period 25 years
    Property Taxes  $4,000 / 12 = $333.34
    Heating $100
    Monthly Mortgage Payments $2,782.19
    Income Required for Debt Service (35%) $3215.53 x 12 = $38,586.36
    Gross Income Required (35%) $38,586.36 / 0.35 = $110,246.74

    Calculations made using nesto’s mortgage payment calculator based on March 2023 home prices and mortgage rates.

    How to Calculate What You Can Afford Currently (Or Work Towards Affording)

    Before you start house hunting, you need to calculate how much house you can afford based on your current income, expenses, and savings. Generally, it’s recommended that you shouldn’t spend more than 28% to 36% of your gross monthly income on housing costs. 

    To calculate your housing budget, start with your monthly income, including your salary, bonuses, and any other sources of income. 

    Deduct your monthly expenses, including car payments, credit card payments, student loans, and other debts. You should also consider the cost of homeownership, such as property taxes, utilities, and maintenance expenses. Once you’ve calculated your monthly budget, you can estimate how much house you can afford based on your down payment, mortgage rate, and amortization period.

    Other Closing Costs & Fees to Consider When Buying a Home in Montreal

    When buying a home, there are several closing costs and other fees to consider. These costs include legal fees, title insurance, home inspection fees, property transfer taxes, and mortgage default insurance. 

    Closing costs can range from 1.5% to 4% of the purchase price of the home. It’s crucial to factor these costs into your budget when determining how much house you can afford. Additionally, you may need to pay for other expenses, such as home insurance, property taxes, and utility bills.

    What is the Average Mortgage Rate in Montreal? 

    As of March 2023, the average 10-year mortgage rate in Montreal is 5.39%. 

    If you’re a first-time home buyer in Montreal, it’s important to understand how mortgage rates are calculated and how to compare them to find the best deal. Mortgage rates are determined by a variety of factors, including the Bank of Canada’s overnight lending rate, inflation, and the demand for mortgages.

    To compare mortgage rates against the average rate of 5.39%, start by researching different lenders and their rates. You can check online for rates or visit different banks and financial institutions in person. Be sure to compare rates from multiple lenders to get a sense of what’s available in the market.

    In addition to looking at average rates, you can also look at rates on a weekly, monthly, or annual basis. This can give you a sense of how rates are trending and help you make an informed decision about when to lock in your rate. Keep in mind that mortgage rates can fluctuate based on economic conditions, so it’s important to stay up-to-date on market trends.

    Ultimately, the best way to get a good mortgage rate is to shop around and compare different lenders. Don’t be afraid to negotiate with lenders to get the best possible deal. By doing your research and being informed, you can find a mortgage that meets your needs and fits your budget.

    What Are Tips for Buying a House in Montreal? 

    When looking to buy a house in Montreal, the first step is to research different neighbourhoods. Montreal has a variety of neighbourhoods, each with its own unique character and charm. Before starting your house hunt, consider factors such as proximity to work, schools, public transportation, and local amenities. This will help you determine which neighbourhoods would be the best fit for you and your family.

    It’s important to get pre-approved for a mortgage. This will give you a clear idea of how much house you can afford and will show sellers that you’re a serious buyer. To get pre-approved, you’ll need to provide your lender with information about your income, expenses, and credit history. With a pre-approved mortgage, you can make a competitive offer on a home with confidence.

    In Montreal’s competitive real estate market, it’s not uncommon for houses to receive multiple offers. Be prepared for bidding wars and consider setting a maximum price you’re willing to pay for a home. Your real estate agent can help you navigate negotiations and ensure that you don’t overpay for a property.

    Find a better rate, and we’ll match it, beat it, or give you $500*.

    *Conditions Apply

    With nesto, it’s stress-free

    First-time Home Buyer Incentives in Montreal

    Montreal offers several first-time home buyers incentives to help you purchase your first home. One of the most significant incentives is the Home Buyers’ Plan, which allows you to withdraw up to $60,000 from your RRSP to use as a down payment on your first home. 

    The city of Montreal also offers a tax credit to first-time home buyers who purchase a new or existing home in specifically designated areas. The Home Purchase Assistance Program is worth between $5,000 and $15,000 and can be used to cover closing costs and other expenses associated with buying a home. 

    According to the city’s website, “the maximum purchase price of properties eligible for this program has been increased by 15 percent for existing properties and 35 percent for new properties, to reflect changes in real estate market prices” as of 2022.


    How much do you need to buy a home in Montreal?

    Based on our calculations, you will need an income of over $95,200 per year to afford the average home price in Montreal.

    How much would a typical home cost in Montreal?

    The average price of a home in Montreal is $515,000 or more as of March 2023.

    What’s next for the average Canadian mortgage?

    Market experts estimate that the Bank of Canada could aim to reduce mortgage interest rates starting in March 2023 to help curb the rising costs of inflation. In the long term, Canada could be hit with a recession as early as 2023 or 2024.

    Final Thoughts 

    Buying a house in Montreal requires careful planning and consideration. Before you start house hunting, it’s essential to determine how much house you can afford based on your income, expenses, and savings. 

    When creating your budget, you should also factor in closing costs and other fees. Working with an experienced real estate agent and researching different neighbourhoods can help you find the perfect home. Montreal also offers several first-time home buyers incentives to make buying a home more affordable. With careful planning and consideration, you can become a homeowner in Montreal and enjoy all that this beautiful city has to offer.

    Ready to get started?

    In just a few clicks, you can see our current rates. Then apply for your mortgage online in minutes!

    Best Mortgage Rates


    0.00%3 Year Fixed

    Get Rates

    0.00%5 Year Fixed

    Get Rates
    Check more rates